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2010年全国中学生英语能力竞赛NEPCS初赛高二年级组试题及答案

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2010 年全国中学生英语能力竞赛 NEPCS 初赛高二年级组试题 I.选择填空(Vocabulary and structure)(共 20 小题,计 20 分) A)从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳答案。

(答案涂在答题纸上) 31. —Do you know Mr. Smith? —Yes. He's a strange man. We found ________ difficult to work with him. A. us B. it C. him D. you 32.They ________ the distance and the communication problem for people visiting their city. A. drew attention to B. used up C. washed away D. dreamed of 33.—You were driving at 100 km an hour, sir. —But officer, I ________. My car can't go more than 80. A. may not have to B. couldn't have been C. wouldn't like to D. needn't to be 34.His money had not brought happiness and perhaps it had contributed________ his strange sense of values. A. up B. for C. as D. to ________ their service, the workers of the hotel are active in learning English. 35.A. Searching B. Informed C. To improve D. Having caused 36.Every morning at a ________ time after breakfast she gave him an hour's lesson. A. busy B. patient C. convenient D. present 37.It was not until last year ________ he got in touch with his father in Canada. A. where B. what C. how D. that 38.I kept looking at the man wearing a pair of glasses, wondering ________. A. whether did I borrow his book B. where I had seen him before C. what I knew his wife D. when had I helped him 39.The item you requested yesterday is no longer available and ________ we are returning your cheque. A. therefore B. altogether C. otherwise D. moreover 40.—When did the story happen? —It happened in ________ spring of ________ 1937. A. the; the B. a; the C. the; 不填 D. 不填;不填 41.—May I speak to your manager Mr. Williams at five o'clock tonight? —I'm sorry. He ________ gone to a party long before then. A. had B. is C. will have D. has 42.I've got a lot of books, ________ are written in foreign languages. A. and most of which B. some of which C. some of them D. most of these 43.—How are you getting on with your book? —I have finished a large part of it; the rest of it ________ more difficult. A. is B. are C. was D. were 44—I have to be at the office by noon tomorrow. My co-workers are taking me out for a final good-bye lunch. — ________ Where are you going to eat? —I don't know. They want to treat me. A. I don't know. B. How nice! C. It's my pleasure. D. It's none of my business. 45.—When you finish that report, here are all the files for the next one we need to complete, by tomorrow evening. — ________ Can't you extend the deadline? I've got a headache and I've hardly slept all week. —I'll see what I can do, but take some aspirin and keep working. A. I'm not even halfway through this first one! B. It looks like it went through just fine. C. Oh, I'm sure I can help you do that. D. What do you want to discuss? B)下列 5 题中的句子可以组成一篇小短文,请从所给的四个选项中选出可以填入空白处的最佳答案。

(答 案涂在答题纸上) 46. Faraday made the ________ electric motor in 1821. It was an invention that used electricity to produce movement. A. obvious B. social C. mad D. first 47.In 1831, Faraday discovered that electricity moves through a wire ________ a magnet (磁铁) is moved near the wire. A. where B. so C. when D. but 48. He used this discovery to ________ a machine for making electricity. Faraday also showed how electricity affects chemical ubstances. A. debate B. reflect C. match D. produce 49.Faraday gave ________ most of his money to the poor. When he grew old, he did not have enough money left to live on.

A. on B. away C. by D. of 50.Queen Victoria rewarded him for his ________ by giving him money and a house. He d in 1867. A. discoveries B. introductions C. books D. definitions II. 阅读理解(Reading comprehension)(共 20 小题,计 35 分) A)选择题:阅读下面短文,从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出能回答所提问题或完成所给句子的最佳 答案。

(答案涂在答题纸上) A Most people think that the capital of the movie world is Hollywood, in the United States. However, the real movie capital is Mumbai, in India. Mumbai used to be known as Bombay, and so the film industry there is called “Bollywood”. Bollywood makes twice as many movies each year as Hollywood —more than 800 films a year. The movies from Bollywood are very different from Hollywood movies. For one thing, Bollywood movies are much longer than most Hollywood movies. Most Bollywood movies are more than three hours long, and contain singing, dancing, action, adventure, mystery, and romance. Because Bollywood films contain so many different features, this style of film is sometimes called a “masala” film. (“Masala” is an Indian word for a mixture of spices. ) Another big difference between Bollywood and Hollywood movies is the way the movies are made. It takes much longer to make a movie in Hollywood than in Bollywood. In fact, filming may begin on a Bollywood movie before the script is even finished. The director and writers can make up the story while the film is being made. Sometimes they will even write the script by hand instead of taking time to type it. Bollywood actors are very popular and some are in such high demand that they may work on several movies at the same time. They may even shoot scenes for several films on the same day using the same clothes and scenery ( 舞 台布景). Since most Bollywood movies follow the same kind of story, shooting scenes for several films at the same time is not a big problem for actors or directors. This also helps keep the cost of Bollywood movies lower than the cost of Hollywood movies. The average Bollywood film, with a budget (预算) of only two million U.S. dollars, seems very cheap compared to the average budget of sixty million U.S. dollars for a Hollywood film—thirty times as much! 51. The main topic of the passage is ________. A. famous stars in Bollywood B. how Hollywood movies are made C. the differences between two movie industries D. the history of movie-making in India 52. What is NOT true about Mumbai? A. It is the movie capital of India. B. Its new name is Bombay. C. More movies are made there than in Hollywood. D. The film industry there is called “Bollywood”. 53. Why are Bollywood films often called “masala” films? A. They have interesting stories. B. They are much longer than Hollywood films. C. They show Indian culture. D. They mix different styles of movies. 54. Bollywood movies are cheap to make because ________. A. they are shorter than Hollywood films B. the scripts are written by hand C. the movies do not use any special effects D. most movies reuse things from other movies 55. Which of these statements would the writer probably agree with? A. Most Bollywood movies are very similar. B. It takes a lot of money to make a good movie. C. Only Indian people can understand Bollywood movies. D. Hollywood movies are too violent. B)非选择题:阅读下列短文,然后回答问题或完成句子。

(答案写在答题纸上) B Every afternoon in South Korea, when school and work finish, over 100,000 people meet on the Internet to play a game called Lineage. They meet in a virtual(虚拟的) world 500 years in the past. They form teams and fight for justice and money. They are part of one of the Internet's many online gaming communities. The people who play these games are called gamers. Often they meet in 24-hour café s to play Lineage, as well as other games such as Diablo, StarCraft and Counter Strike. Most gamers just play for fun, but for some people, it can become an obsession (着迷). When gaming becomes an obsession it can become dangerous. In Hong Kong, a seventeen-year-old boy d as a result of playing his favourite game in the caféwhere he worked. After working for eight hours, he often stayed at the caféand played Diablo II. On some nights he slept for only two hours. In May 2002, he was found

unconscious at a computer after playing all night. When he d later in hospital, doctors said it was because he was exhausted. In Korea, the dangers can come from other gamers. In the virtual world of Lineage, gamers can create new characters for themselves. High school students can become very powerful fighters and leaders. They play against doctors, businessmen and even members of dangerous gangs. But sometimes things that happen in the game affect real life. Gamers have been beaten up in real life by people they have killed online! 56. How many people play Lineage when school and work are over every day in South Korea? 57. What do people do in the virtual world of Lineage? 58. The online games mentioned in the passage are ________. 59. What does the underlined word “exhausted” mean? 60. What does the passage mainly talk about? C On May 7, 2001, Ronnie Biggs arrived in Britain for the first time in about thirty-five years. His return was the end of one of Britain's most famous crime stories, The Great Train Robbery. In 1963 Biggs was in a gang that stole £2.6 million from a train traveling between London and Glasgow. The gang was caught quickly, and Biggs was sentenced to thirty years in jail. Many people thought that the sentence was too harsh (严厉的). Biggs also thought it was too harsh, so he decided to escape. Biggs was sent to Wandsworth Prison, a maximum security jail. It had one very high wall to keep the prisoners in, and some guards to watch them. One afternoon in July 1965, Biggs was in the prison yard. He had been in jail for just fifteen months. A tall van(货车) stopped outside the jail, and a ladder was placed against the wall. Then a rope ladder was thrown over the wall into the prison yard. Biggs climbed up the rope ladder, jumped down into the van and escaped! From that time on, Biggs lived on the run. After hiding in France, Spain and Australia, he finally settled in Brazil in 1970. He was a celebrity (名人) criminal. He appeared in rock videos and movies, and he sold souvenirs to tourists who came to see him. But he missed his home in Britain and, at the age of seventy-one, decided to go home. He was met at the airport by family, friends—and police. 61. Ronnie Biggs was sentenced to thirty years in jail because ________. 62. What kind of prison was Ronnie Biggs in? 63. The main idea of Paragraph 2 is ________. 64. How many countries had Ronnie Biggs been to after he escaped from Britain? 65. When was Ronnie Biggs born? III. 完形填空(Cloze)(共 15 小题,计 15 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,然后从方框内选择适当的单词或短语填空。

方框内有多余的词或短语,每 个词或短语限用一次。

(答案写在答题纸上) found, may, of, led to, sometimes, rather than, mad, in fact, even if, different, water, part, drink, as well as, natural, include, important, wherever Many tourists nowadays walk around carrying plastic bottles of water, even in cities. The bottles seem to have become an (71)________ fashion accessory(配件), and not only for tourists. (72)________, nowadays everyone seems to carry a bottle of water with them (73)________ they go. This fashion for being seen with bottled water, (74)________ called “designer water”, has (75)________ a massive (大量的) increase in sales over the past few years. There are now so many (76)________ brand names available in the shops that it is hard to choose. But why do some people prefer their water from a bottle (77)________ a tap? To start with, water forms a very important (78)________ of a healthy lifestyle. We are now advised to (79)________ two litres of water daily, (80)________ eating large quantities of fruit and vegetables. Besides this, designer water offers the promise (81)________ purity. It is advertised as clean and (82)________, while tap water (83)________ be viewed with suspicion (怀疑). But is there really any difference between bottled and tap (84)________? Surprisingly, in the USA it was (85)________ that bottled water was not always as pure as most ordinary tap water. IV. 翻译(Translation)(共 10 小题,计 10 分) A) 阅读下面短文,然后把划线处的句子译成汉语。

(答案写在答题纸上) In order to make a good impression during a job interview, you need to prepare yourself for it. (86) You should arrive in advance for the interview, so that you can give yourself a little time to relax before the interview begins. The impression you make as you walk into the room is very important. (87) Try to find out if the company or organization has rules about dress. Then try to dress according to their regulations. You also need to plan what you are going to say. In some interviews you will have to do a lot of talking, and in others you will only have to answer a few questions about your education and experience. (88) You need to have answers ready about yourself, your schoolwork, your strong points, your reasons for applying for the job, and the salary you expect. You will also be allowed to ask some questions of your own. (89) The questions you ask will show the interviewer that you have given careful thought to the position. You can ask questions like these: (90) What duties

will I have to perform in this position? Does the company provide health insurance? Does the company provide opportunities for further education? B) 根据提示把下列句子译成英语。

(答案写在答题纸上) 91. 现代科学不仅仅是大量的信息。

(more than) 92. 事实是地球围绕太阳转,而不是太阳围绕地球转。

(the other way around) 93. 她建议我按时归还学校图书馆的图书。

(虚拟语气) 94. 我会遵守诺言,一到就给你写信。

(同位语从句) 95. 他发现很难集中注意一件事在五分钟以上。

(focus on) V. 短文改错(Error correction)(共 10 小题,计 10 分) 此题要求改正所给短文中的错误。

对标有题号的每一行做出判断:如无错误,在该行右边横线上画一个 勾(√);如有错误(每行只有一个错误),则按下列情况改正: 此行多一个词:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉,在该行右边横线上写出该词,并也用斜线划掉。

此行缺一个词:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),在该行右边横线上写出该加的词。

此行错一个词:在错的词下划一横线,在该行右边横线上写出改正后的词。

注意:原行没有错的不要改。

I am watching televison a few nights ago when I saw something that 96. ________ it made me feel very upset. You see I recognized someone from my past. I 97. ________ once worked in a restaurant who the boss treated his workers very badly. 98. ________ For example, when customers left us a tip he used keep it for himself. 99. ________ I realize that it is quite normal for bosses to get angry from time to 100. ________ time, but he used to get very angry so we did the smallest thing wrong. 101. ________ Almost waiters there only stayed about a month and several waitresses left 102. ________ after only one night. I hated attitude. I decided to leave after a week. 103. ________ So I was very surprised when I turned off my television last Saturday 104. ________ and saw him starring in a cookery programme. I couldn't see my eyes! 105. ________ VI. 智力测试(IQ)(共 5 小题,计 5 分) 回答下列问题。

(答案写在答题纸上) 106. What number should replace the question mark? 107. One letter in each word of a well-known saying has been changed. What is the saying? TAPE TIE PULL MY TOE CORNS 108. What letter should replace the question mark? 109. Tom beats Joe at pool (落袋台球戏) but loses to Sue. Hilary usually wins against Joe, sometimes against Tom, but never against Sue. Who is the weakest player? 110. is to as is to: ________ . VII. 写作(Writing)(共 2 小题,计25 分) A) Read the following passage, and then use your own words to give a brief summary of it in about 90 words. (答案写在答题纸上) All thanks to the mobile phone Dave Mill owes his life to his mobile phone. He was trying to make history by walking to the North Pole alone, without any help or support. But after 50 days of extremely bad weather, during which the temperature dropped as low as minus 30° C, Dave was forced to abandon his attempt. He had completed 185 miles of the 375-mile journey and had suffered several mishaps(不幸事故). He had broken his sunglasses, been followed by polar bears and fallen into freezing water twice. Then, after making the decision to give up, he had some more bad luck and found himself stranded (处于困境的) on a floating piece of ice that was slowly melting. The weather was too bad for any rescue attempt to be made. Dave waited for three days, hoping that conditions would improve. But the rescue planes could not land because dense fog prevented them from seeing the surface of the ice. It was a race against time.

Then he remembered his mobile phone. He marked out a runway on the ice and took a photograph with his digital camera. Then he used his phone to e-mail it to the waiting air rescue team. Using the photograph to guide him, the pilot was able to land in spite of the weather, and Dave was lifted off the ice to safety. 2010 年全国中学生英语能力竞赛(NEPCS)初赛 高二年级组试题参考答案 听力部分(共三大题,计 30 分) I.Responses(句子应答) 1-5 ACDAB II.Dialogues(对话理解) A)6-10 CBACC B)11-15 CACBD C)16-20 ECDBA III.Passages(短文理解) A)21-25 DCBAD B)26. 8:45 27.Green 28. 16 / sixteen 29. 0722-3691 30. windy 笔试部分(共七大题,计 120 分) I.Multiple-choice(选择填空) 31-35 DBDCA 36-40 CCABD 41-45 CDACB II.Cloze(完形填空) 46. at 47. noticed 48. raining 49. stolen 50. fact 51. what 52. painting 53. mine 54. By 55. back III.Reading comprehension(阅读理解) 56. C(http://www.171english.cn) 57. Everyone would be involved in the debate. 58. She felt surprised. 59. 这里几乎一片寂静,并没有因为观点不同而引起的激烈争论。

60. 起初我觉得澳大利亚的文化更好,但是在日本待了一年后,我明白了这是文化差异,而 不是哪一个更好的问题。

61. It's mainly because people carelessly drop packets, cans ,bottles and paper. 62. 1)Spoiling the landscape. 2)Posing a danger to people and animals. 63. They are getting together to clean up local rivers, canals, parks and streets. 64-65 TT(http://www.171english.cn) 66. injured 67. professional 68. surveyed 69. condition 70. airways 71-75 BACBD IV.Translation(翻译) 76. She tries her best to make a good impression on everyone she meets.

77. Teachers should try to treat all their students the same. 78. He foresaw that the project would be delayed by a heavy rain. 79. The manager left her a lot of problems to solve. 80. No sooner had she found her bike missing than she burst out crying. V.IQ(智力测试) 81. 6 / 36. In each vertical column the three smaller numbers equal the larger number. 82. Four. A sister and a brother, one with a son ( who has a child, not at the party) and the other with a daughter ( who also has a child, not at the party). 83. D 84. ELEMENT. The last two letters of each word are the first two of the next word. ELEMENT breaks the pattern. 85. Rosie is 39 and Brian is 52. VI.Error correction(改错) The Fishing Competition came an end this morning. The first prize went with Mr Peter who to surprised us with a large fish as big as a small car. When asking about his secret, he said,"I took up asked fish while I was a child. So my fishing experience plays a key role.""Of course, I never imagined I could have such good lucky. When the fish raised to the surface of the water, I was almost luck rose frozen," he added. However, later he was accused ˆ cheating. A eyewitness told the organiser of of An the competition that she saw Mr Peter go into a shop empty-handed but come out with the fish that was shocked us. In the end, Mr Peter felt guilty about his behaviour but admitted what the 删除 was and eyewitness said was true. He hoped to be forgiven because of he did it to raise money to treat his 删除 of daughter's illness. (http://www.171english.cn) VII.Writing(写作) A)One possible verion Dear Sir / Madam, I am writing to say that I was very disappointed with the goods I bought from your online store recently. When I played the video, I realised that I had already seen it on TV last week. Some pictures in the book are really not very clear, and I still haven't received the fan-club membership.

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